Download e-book for iPad: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 2 by David S. Touretzky (Editor)

By David S. Touretzky (Editor)

ISBN-10: 1558601007

ISBN-13: 9781558601000

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1). An MRF allows a probabilistic description of known neighborhood dependencies, which is just what we need to describe constraints 1, 2, and 4. Segmentation takes place in three stages (see Fig. 11). At the first stage, white matter and lesions are segmented based on their intensities. A classifier for separating white matter is trained which determines the expected values and variances of a multivariate Gaussian distribution for ρ, T1 , and T2 . Intensity variation due to magnetic field inhomogeneities is estimated based on segmented white matter regions (which are assumed to have constant intensity).

It is an open source project as well. Being meant to support medical image analysis, it also contains plenty of auxiliary methods for accessing and enhancing images. Furthermore, registration methods not included in OpenCV for rigid and nonrigid registration are part of the software. Segmentation, 12 1 The Analysis of Medical Images Fig. 9 The IDL interface is similar to the Matlab interface. Windows for program development, interactive evaluation of programs and functions, status of system variables, and generated output enable the development of methods while inspecting results from the current chain of processes which plays a much bigger role in medical imaging compared to the analysis of other images, is extensively covered by including state-of-the-art methods.

Furthermore, mammography tubes use a material (Molybdenum) that produces an almost monochrome x ray with peak energies around 17 to 19 keV. This would be unwanted in regular x-ray imaging as most—if not all—of the radiation would be absorbed and not reach the receptor. For the breast, however, the use of low-energy beams increases the contrast between the subtle differences of different tissues. Using an (almost) monochromatic beam will also reduce scatter, which again increases contrast. Differences and findings in mammograms are subtle.

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Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 2 by David S. Touretzky (Editor)

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