By Ronald Irving
Anti-nazi, anti-communist, and catholic, Konrad Adenauer dragged defeated Germany from post-war destruction to prosperity in a single generation.
- Concise portrait of a unprecedented statesman - explores Adenauer's own effect in rules pursued.
- German Federal Republic was once West ecu lynchpin in the course of chilly struggle - this publication explains why and the way.
- Adenauer's achievements continue to exist this day - eu Union, German democracy.
Ronald Irving is on the college of Edinburgh.
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Extra info for Adenauer
This proposal was endorsed by a number of journalists on the Kölnische Zeitung, by the Rhineland separatists led by Dr Josef Dorten and by General Mangin, the Commanding Officer in the French zone of occupation who was an enthusiastic protagonist of the ‘Rhineland Republic’, which the French presumed would be a satellite state. The third main option – and this was the one with which Adenauer was most associated (although at times he seemed to toy with the second option, namely the ‘Rhineland Republic’) – was the proposal that in a new federal Germany a new state (Land) should be created out of the Rhineland territories which had been part of Prussia since 1815.
Firstly, with Strasbourg University now in France, it was essential to have another university as well as Bonn in the western part of Germany; and secondly, with so much of the Rhineland in foreign hands, it was vital for Cologne to have a university to uphold German cultural values. The Prussian Government was persuaded by these arguments, and Cologne University was refounded in 1920 with 150 staff and 4,000 students. In the decade after its refoundation approximately 25,000 students graduated, and Adenauer regarded the new university as one of his greatest achievements.
The pretext for this occupation (January 1923–January 1924) was the failure of the Germans to pay reparations in full. qxd 5/3/02 14:36 Page 28 ADENAUER French was to detach the Rhineland from Germany. In practice the occupation of the Ruhr was a complete failure. Condemned from the beginning by the British and Americans, its first consequence was a general strike in the Ruhr, followed by passive resistance and sabotage throughout the Rhineland. The occupation also had a disastrous effect on Germany’s inflation, culminating in the total collapse of the Mark in 1923.
Adenauer by Ronald Irving