By Michael Mortimore
This ebook embodies the result of 13 years of study in drought-prone rural components within the semi-arid sector of northern Nigeria. It describes the styles of adaptive behaviour saw between Hausa, Ful'be and Manga groups in line with recurrent drought within the Seventies and Eighties. The query of desertification is explored in a space the place the seen facts of relocating sand dunes is dramatic blame are tested when it comes to the sphere facts. A critique is on the market of deterministic theories and authoritarian ideas. Professor Mortimore demonstrates a parallel among the observable resilience of semi-arid ecosystems and the adaptive techniques of the human groups that inhabit them and indicates coverage instructions for strengthening that resilience.
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Extra info for Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in West Africa
While rapid rural appraisal techniques are not appropriate to all research 22 Introduction objectives, it is noticeable that beyond the reconnaissance level the marginal returns of extra methodological finesse may be unimpressive. 20 FROM FEAST TO FAMINE? I will give you rain at the proper time; the land shall yield its produce Leviticus 26:4 THE FAT YEARS On what kind of a world did the droughts of the early 1970s so rudely erupt? 1), and also the adjacent areas of Niger Republic, reached levels of agricultural production probably unsurpassed before or since.
Thirdly, continentality varies between coastal countries (Senegal, Nigeria) and interior countries (Niger, Mali) and, with it, access to some economic options. Fourthly, international ties which reflect past colonial affiliations, present global alignments, and national policies on foreign capital create variable patterns of assisted rural development programmes and emergency food aid. Finally, the possession of exploited resources of exportable minerals affects the degree of national self-sufficiency attained.
P. 192) 13 14 Introduction Almost the same sentiments were repeated 40 years later by the National Committee on Arid Zone Afforestation (1978:14): 'the existing pressure on land in most of the arid zone areas is such that it could no longer support the expensive shifting cultivation practice without serious consequences on the vegetation and soil of those areas'. Aubreville (1949), also a forester, used the term desertification to describe the degradation by burning, clearing and erosion in the entire forest and savanna zones of West Africa, and graphically illustrated his thesis with cross-sections of the latitudinal vegetational zones, before and after human impact.
Adapting to Drought: Farmers, Famines and Desertification in West Africa by Michael Mortimore