By J.D. Holloway
I spent 4 months in New Caledonia in 1971 with the article of constructing a quantitative survey of the night-flying macrolepidoptera with light-traps and an evaluation of the Rhopalocera and microlepidoptera. This fieldwork was once financed by means of a central authority Grant-in-Aid for medical Investigations adminis tered by way of the Royal Society, and via a furnish from the Godman Fund. I dedicated an extra 3 weeks to sampling on Norfolk I. , and, with assistance from neighborhood naturalists, Mr. and Mrs. F. JOWETT, used to be capable of produce an in depth account of the biogeography and ecology of the moth fauna (HOLLOWAY, 1977). This ebook is an account of the result of the hot Caledonian paintings, including reports of the geology, phytogeography and common zoogeography pre sented as historical past for the Lepidoptera fauna and its geography. prior paintings at the macroheterocera, essentially papers via VIETTE (1948- 1971), had recorded now not many greater than 100 species, a really low overall contemplating the realm of the island relative to that of the Fiji team the place the moths have been being studied by way of Dr. G. S. ROBINSON while the hot Caledonian excursion used to be on the drafting board. The Fijian fauna then promised examine ably to exceed 300 species. obviously many extra species awaited discovery in New Caledonia.
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Extra resources for A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia
There are six species on Fiji of which three are endemic, and others in Micronesia and Polynesia. , Lord Howe I. and the Kermadecs. There are no species in New Caledonia. Like Astelia it may be more restricted today through competition from more vigorous Malesian elements, possibly Piper itself. In the Upper Miocene there was climatic cooling in New Zealand (FLEMING, 1975), new tropical Indo-Malayan plants cease to appear in the fossil record, many Tertiary taxa such as Nothofagus brassii died out and others became restricted to the extreme north.
It is a prominent feature of some New Guinea forests (ROBBINS, 1961) as well as those of New Caledonia and New Zealand and is distributed generally along the Melanesian arcs. Similarly the pandemic Coriaria (the only genus of the Coriariaceae) is recorded in the Indo-Australian area only from E. , Samoa, the Kermadecs, Chathams and New Zealand. This is primarily an Outer Melanesian Arc distribution. It is montane in the tropics. Another Miocene arrival was Macropiper (Piperaceae), recently revised by SMITH (1975).
The Outer Banda Arc (Sumba, Timor, Tenimber and Kei to the South Moluccas) was suggested by KATILI to be of a similar nature, continuing the line of the Nias and Mentawi groups to the west as does the Inner Arc that of Sumatra and Java; in this hypothesis subduction was always to the south of both arcs. An alternative hypothesis proposed that the Outer Banda Arc from Sumba 21 eastwards was part of the Australian continental shelf, with oceanic accretions from the north (AUDLEY-CHARLES, CARTER & MILSOM, 1972; AUDLEYCHARLES, 1975).
A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia by J.D. Holloway