By Alan Hazlett
The price of real trust has performed a critical function in historical past of philosophy—consider Socrates’ slogan that the unexamined existence isn't worthy residing, and Aristotle’s declare that everybody evidently wishes knowledge—as good as in modern epistemology, the place questions about the worth of information have lately taken middle degree. It has frequently been assumed that actual representation—true belief—is worthwhile, both instrumentally or for its personal sake. In A luxurious of the Understanding, Allan Hazlett deals a serious research of that assumption, and of the most ways that it may be defended.
Hazlett defends the realization that real trust is at such a lot occasionally necessary. within the first a part of the booklet, he ambitions the view that actual trust is generally higher for us than fake trust, and argues that fake ideals approximately ourselves—for instance, unrealistic optimism approximately our futures and approximately people, corresponding to overly optimistic perspectives of our friends—are usually priceless vis-a-vis our health. within the moment half, he goals the view that fact is “the goal of belief,” and argues for anti-realism concerning the epistemic price of actual trust. jointly, those arguments contain a problem to the philosophical assumption of the worth of precise trust, and recommend another photo, on which the truth that a few humans love fact is all there's to “the worth of actual belief.”
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Additional info for A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief
19 We can identify an important division among theories of wellbeing by considering their attitude towards the connection between a person’s wellbeing and her desires (broadly understood). 20 They make no essential reference to individual desires (broadly understood) in their account of individual wellbeing. Consider Parfit’s sketch of such a theory: The good things might include moral goodness, rational activity, the development of one’s abilities, having children and being a good parent, knowledge, and the awareness of true beauty.
Something valuable has intrinsic value iff the fact that it is valuable supervenes on its intrinsic properties; otherwise it has extrinsic value. The standard example philosophers offer of something that has intrinsic value is pleasure. It’s hard to see how this helps us understand the value of true belief. Pleasure, so the argument must go, has an intrinsic qualitative nature such that anyone acquainted with that nature can recognize the intrinsic value of pleasure. But true belief does not seem to have an intrinsic qualitative nature.
111 and passim). 31 Note the fruitfulness of not equating the “epistemic” with the theoretical: we can speak of what I “epistemically” ought to want. 1). They are concerned with cases in which mere true belief seems just as good as knowledge: someone who has a true belief about the way to Larissa will get there just as fast as someone who knows the way to Larissa. This book is about the value of knowledge, as opposed to ignorance—but not the ignorance of mere true belief. The cases we are concerned with are cases in which false belief seems better than knowledge.
A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief by Alan Hazlett