By Leila Tarazi Fawaz
The nice warfare reworked the center East, bringing to an finish 400 years of Ottoman rule in Arab lands whereas giving upward thrust to the center East as we all know it at the present time. A century later, the reports of standard women and men in the course of these calamitous years have pale from reminiscence. A Land of Aching Hearts traverses ethnic, classification, and nationwide borders to get well the non-public tales of the civilians and squaddies who persisted this cataclysmic event.
between those that suffered have been the folks of higher Syria―comprising sleek Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine―as good because the humans of Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt. past the transferring fortunes of the battlefield, the zone was once devastated through a British and French naval blockade made worse through Ottoman warfare measures. Famine, affliction, inflation, and an inflow of refugees have been daily realities. however the neighborhood populations weren't passive sufferers. Fawaz chronicles the initiative and resilience of civilian émigrés, marketers, draft-dodgers, infantrymen, villagers, and townsmen made up our minds to outlive the conflict as top they can. the correct mix of ingenuity and practicality frequently intended the variation among existence and death.
The war’s aftermath proved sour for lots of survivors. Nationalist aspirations have been quashed as Britain and France divided the center East alongside man made borders that also reason resentment. The distress of the good struggle, and a profound experience of big sacrifices made in useless, may colour people’s perspectives of politics and the West for the century to come.
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Extra info for A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War
In 1888 Istanbul added to Beirut’s prestige by appointing it the administrative capital of a newly created Ottoman province overseeing sections of the Palestinian coast. 15 Nine hundred kilometers northwest of Beirut, tucked away in the Gulf of Izmir in the Aegean Sea, lies the port of Izmir, once the ancient city of Smyrna. Restored in classical antiquity, largely by Alexander of Macedonia, Smyrna could point to a proud history even before it entered the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Today, anthropologists and archeologists flock to Izmir to unlock its historical treasures, but in the 1830s the city was focused on an intense period of economic modernization.
In fact, the Young Turk umbrella sheltered 22 A L A N D O F A C H I N G H E A RT S many non-Turks, non-Muslims, and Arabs. Indeed, the leadership remained steadfastly committed to an ideologically multinational empire. In fact, Arabs sent their sons to schools in Istanbul, and shared similar outlooks with their Turkish counterparts in a world where privilege and connections put them on top of the social order. Some prospered as leading notables and interacted regularly and closely with their local government representatives.
The sacking of Constantinople, modern-day Istanbul, on Tuesday, May 29, 1453, completed the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, and with it, the last vestige 12 A L A N D O F A C H I N G H E A RT S of the Roman Empire. At its peak in the second half of the sixteenth century, the Ottoman Empire extended from Algeria to Azerbaijan and from central Europe to central Africa. Twice, in 1529 and in 1683, Ottoman armies besieged Vienna. Rebuffed at Vienna after centuries of expansion but still straddling three continents, the Ottoman Empire turned to internal consolidation in the face of regional rebellions.
A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War by Leila Tarazi Fawaz