Read e-book online A History of the Chinese Language PDF

By Hongyuan Dong

ISBN-10: 0415660394

ISBN-13: 9780415660396

ISBN-10: 0415660408

ISBN-13: 9780415660402

A heritage of the chinese language Language presents a complete creation to the historic improvement of the chinese from its proto Sino-Tibetan roots in prehistoric occasions to fashionable usual chinese language. Taking a hugely available and balanced strategy, it offers a chronological survey of a few of the phases of chinese improvement, overlaying an important points resembling phonology, syntax and semantics. Written by means of a hugely skilled teacher, A heritage of the chinese will be a vital source for starting scholars of chinese and Linguistics and for an individual attracted to the historical past and tradition of China.

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Also the vowel in the second word “six” is -u in Old Chinese, -u in WriƩen Tibetan, and -o in WriƩen Burmese. Thus we have a u-u-o correspondence. It is also shown to some extent in the fourth word “poison” as well, although the vowel in Old Chinese is a long vowel, -uu, in “poison” according to the reconstrucƟons of Zhengzhang (2003). 2 shows a schemaƟc representaƟon of the Sino-Tibetan family tree. 2ഩA schemaƟc family tree of Sino-Tibetan 17 18 WHERE IT ALL BEGAN In this family tree the primary disƟncƟon is between Chinese, or the SiniƟc branch, and Tibeto-Burman.

The “u2” part means that it is some type of “u” sound although the exact phoneƟc value is yet to be decided. According to Zhengzhang’s (2003) reconstrucƟon of Old Chinese, the Old Chinese pronunciaƟon of “g‫ڥ‬u” is *koo࡫. The similarity between these two words can also be established with some imaginaƟon. Therefore it can be evidence of early contacts between the Chinese people and the Hmong-Mien people in the south. Chen (1993) presents data for the contacts between the Chinese people and the Kam-Tai people.

The reconstructed pronunciaƟons from Old Chinese are also given since the sound correspondences between Old Chinese and the Tibeto-Burman languages are more easily spoƩed. The words are also given in Chinese characters and their pronunciaƟon in Modern Standard Chinese. We have pointed out earlier in this chapter that mere similarity in word shapes is not enough to establish a geneƟc relaƟonship between two languages. What is more convincing is regular sound correspondence. 3, the Įnal consonant in the Įrst word meaning “eye” is -g in Old Chinese, -g in WriƩen Tibetan, and -k in WriƩen Burmese.

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A History of the Chinese Language by Hongyuan Dong


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