By Elizabeth Endicott
An illustrated background of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this e-book examines the various demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over common assets within the post-socialist unfastened marketplace period.
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An illustrated historical past of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this e-book examines the various demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over traditional assets within the post-socialist loose marketplace period.
Extra info for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present
Land taxes on South China’s large estates, however, were not 48 A History of Land Use in Mongolia overly burdensome, since the Mongolian khans from Khubilai’s reign on realized the important economic contribution of agricultural production. When we search for a uniquely Mongolian conceptualization of landholding, North China provides such an example. ”17 In contrast to the traditional Chinese bureaucratic impulse toward centralization, the Mongolian institution of touxia fragmented landholdings and control over touxia populations: imperial princes, military figures and others deemed worthy of rich rewards were often presented with touxia lands and population in recognition of their status or deeds.
The resulting social and political instability among the splintered Mongolian clans E a r ly H i s t o ry 51 and tribes put control over pastureland in flux. It is not surprising that in this period of chaos, a Mongolian prince would turn to a new religion—Tibetan Buddhism—to bolster his prestige and to reunify the warring Mongolian factions. Buddhism: Its Impact upon Mongolian Society, Politics, Economy Altan Khan (1508–1582) had threatened the Ming Dynasty with several military raids, including one in 1550 in which his troops appeared below the walls of Beijing.
These distinctions also make generalizations a bit difficult when we look more closely at widely divergent patterns of nomadic migration, the varied composition of herds, and the degree to which herders may or may not be connected to larger economic and marketing networks. Rather than homogenize significant 24 A History of Land Use in Mongolia variations, this chapter will explore the diversity of Mongolia’s natural world and the accommodations that humans have had to make to exist in oftentimes difficult circumstances.
A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present by Elizabeth Endicott