Bryan L. Woodcock's 91st Infantry in World War I. Analysis Of An AEF Division's PDF

By Bryan L. Woodcock

Includes The american citizens within the First global warfare representation Pack—57 photos/illustrations and 10 maps

The 91st Infantry department used to be a countrywide military department created sooner than global battle I. dependent at Camp Lewis, Washington, it used to be composed of draftees from the northwestern usa. Following a educate up that lasted lower than three hundred and sixty five days, this department departed for Europe in June 1918. In France, the 91st department carried out extra education, however the AEF driven it to front traces prior to it was once accomplished. In its first strive against adventure, the 91st department fought at the entrance strains of the Meuse-Argonne. within the first days of this conflict, the 91st department, even if green, received extra flooring than the other American department. even though, it paid a heavy fee by way of American lives. The AEF to that end assigned the department to paintings below French command within the conflict of Ypres-Lys in Belgium. This thesis examines the department leadership's skill to execute necessary...

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The 91st sector was on a seam between the German Crown Prince’s 1st Guards Division and the 117th East Reserve Division, under overall command of General Von Gallwitz. Shortly after the offensive began, the German Army added the 5th Guard Division in between the 1st and the 117th{53}. {55} The morning of 26 September was especially foggy in the low ground just west of the commanding terrain of Montfaucon hill and east of the Argonne forest. {56} On this first day, the Wild West Division attacked with three regiments abreast: the 363rd, 361st, and 362nd in order from left to right.

5} This shows the general consensus among researchers that the 91st division seemed to advance well when compared to the divisions on its flanks, but there is little analysis to discover why this was the case. The division leadership did not write extensively on their actions of the division in France. However, the memoirs of General Pershing provided some insight into impressions of the 91st Division, and subsequent correspondence between him and MG Johnston was useful. One regimental commander, Colonel John “Gatling Gun” Parker had previously written extensively on machine gun tactics during a previous conflict in Santiago, Cuba.

In order to assist the assault, the 361st was forced to clear the town of Ivoiry, located outside of their sector. Vernon Nichols, a soldier in the 363rd Infantry, described the German emplacements near the town of Eclisfontaine as machine gun nests overlooking open areas at ranges from 800 to 1500 yards. He noted, “We couldn’t tell where they were and as we advanced farther and farther in the face of their fire we wondered why we did not come to their emplacements and silence their guns. ”{59} Throughout the two days of heavy fighting, the division also experienced some major setbacks to their operations and morale.

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91st Infantry in World War I. Analysis Of An AEF Division's Efforts To Achieve Battlefield Success by Bryan L. Woodcock


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